• Medición multidimensional de la pobreza: una propuesta exploratoria para Costa Rica
  • Multidimensional Measurement of Poverty: An Exploratory Proposal for Costa Rica
Mario Artavia

Resumen

Este estudio de caso se desarrolló con el objetivo general de elaborar una propuesta exploratoria para la medición multidimensional de la pobreza, contribuyendo con ello a la reflexión de la sociedad entorno a la definición de mecanismos que permitan superar la pobreza. Con este objetivo, se revisaron las metodologías de medición multidimensional de la pobreza que han sido adoptadas en América Latina. Posteriormente, a partir de la metodología de medición multidimensional desarrollada por Alkire y Foster, se calculó la incidencia de la pobreza para distintas líneas de corte entre dimensiones, evidenciándose una alta sensibilidad de los resultados a distintos valores del parámetro

Abstract

This case study was developed with the general objective to develope an exploratory proposal for multidimensional poverty measurement, contributing to the debate on the definition of mechanisms to poverty overcome. The methodologies of multidimensional poverty measurement that have been adopted in Latin America were reviewed. With Alkire and Foster’s multidimensional measurement methodology, the incidence of poverty for different cut lines among dimensions was calculated, wich provided evidence of high sensitivity of the results to different values of the parameter k. Using an average value (k = 3) was identified that in Costa Rica in 2013, 31.5% of the population suffers multidimensional poverty. The dimensions associated with information technology, basic education and job quality were those that identify as many people in multidimensional poverty, thereby evidenced that sectoral policies in these areas had been insufficient to achieve the minimum thresholds of well-being established in the measurement.

Palabras clave

Medición multidimensional de la pobreza; superación de la pobreza; bienestar

keywords

Multidimensionality measurement of poverty; overcoming poverty; well-being

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DOI: 10.5354/0719-6296.2015.38370